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Olympic Official on North's ‘Unreasonable’ Demands D l [THE KOREA TIMES 6 Aug]

No Tae-u Constitutional Revision, Election D l

Special National Assembly Session Announced

Press on Proposed Foreign Ministers Talks D 4

YONHAP Outlines Recent Labor Dispute Trend D 6

Kim Tae-chung To Become Permanent RDP Adviser D ; Prosecution Will Not Investigate Funds Source D


Mahathir Visits Soviet Union, Meets Gorbachev H l [cross-referen e | BERNAMA Reviews Cooperation With ASEAN H l

VOMD Carries Communist Party ‘Id al-Adha Greetings H 4,



Bou Thang Speaks at State Affairs Service Meeting I l

Thai Paper Says Sihanouk Refuses To Go to UN [ l {BANGKOK WORLD 5 Aug]

VODK Cites Son Sen Letter to PRC Defense Minister l 2

KPNLF's Son Sann To Visit Bangkok, Beijing I 3 [VOK]

EAS 6 Aug 87 ii EAST ASIA VODK Comments on Gorbachev Remarks in Moscow I 3 VODK Says SRV Withdrawal Key to Cambodia Issue I 4 VODK on Vigilance Against SRV-USSR ‘Maneuver’ I 5 VODK Calls SRV Negotiation Offer ‘Trick' I 7 VOK Cites Mokhtar's Remarks on SRV Visit I 8 VONADK Reports Japanese ICK Delegations Visit I & 22 July Visit I 8 28 July Visit I 9 Briefs: Rice Distribution I 9 LAOS PASASON Comments on Thai-PRC Relations [5 Aug] K 1 PASASON Supports North Korea's New Proposal [6 Aug] K 1 Text of Government Decree on Pricing Published K 2 [PASASON 28 Jul] Phoumi Vongvichit Attends Front Session K 3 PHILIPPINES

Muslim Suspect in Ferrer Murder Released [AFP] Army Launches Major Offensive in South

NPA Suspected in Shooting of 3 Policemen [AFP]

200 NPA Sympathizers March in Manila Funeral [AFP] Arms Said Sent to Moslem Rebels Via Malaysia [AFP]

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THAILAND Army Commander Discusses Talks With Gen Vessey M l BANGKOK POST Views U.S.-SRV Talks on MIA Issue [5 Aug] M 1 Daily Urges Reappraisal of Vietnam Policy M 2 [THE NATION 5 Aug] Police on Illegal Immigrant Racket Bordering Laos M 4&4 [THE NATION 6 Aug] Government Responds to Iran's Warnings on Mecca M 5 [THE NATION 5 Aug] Pro-Iran Protest Planned M 5 [BANGKOK POST 6 Aug] VIETNAM Army Journal Discusses Party Organization Building N 1 [TAP CHI QUAN DOI NHAN DAN Jul] Education Ministry, Others Respond to N.V.L. Series N 3 [NHAN DAN 28 Jul] State Bank Acts on Criticism N 4& Thanh Hoa Examines Negativism N 4& [QUAN DOI NHAN DAN 24 Jul] NHAN DAN Urges Democracy in Peasant Congresses [30 Jul] N 6

"Prolonged Drought’ Damages Rice in Minh Hai N 7



0W060725 Tokyo KYODO in English 0712 GMT 6 Aug 87

[Text] Tokyo, Aug. 6 KYODO -- Japanese Foreign Minister Tadashi Kuranari will visit India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh August 9-16 to promote political and economic cooperation with the three South Asian nations. Kuranari's upcoming trip to the three countries will be the first by a Japanese foreign minister since 1977, when then Foreign Minister Iichiro Hatoyama visited the region.

Kuranari is expected to explain Japan's recent market opening measures to the foreign leaders and encourage greater export efforts by the three countries to Japan, Foreign Ministry officials said. The foreign minister will also detail Japan's plan to recycle 30 billion dollars from its current account surpluses to developing nations and other economic cooperation efforts, the officials said. Kuranari is also expected to stress the need to improve the climate for expanded Japanese investment in the three countries, the officials added.

On the political front, Kuranari will voice Japan's approval of a recent agreement between India and Sri Lanka to end the island nation's ethnic strife and call for early national reconciliation there, officials said.

While in India, the foreign minister will ask Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi to outline his nation's policies concerning the United States, China and the Soviet Union.

During his visit to Bangladesh, Kuranari will deliver a speech in the capital city of Dacca, which will broadly outline Japan's foreign policy toward South Asia. In the speech, Kuranari will stress Japan's peace-making role in the region and call for expanded political dialogue among regional leaders. He will also pledge Japan's continued economic assistance to the region, ministry officials said.

During his week-long swing through the region, Kuranari is also expected to promote expanded dialogue between youths and experts from Japan and the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), the officials said. Established in 1985, the SAARC includes India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Nepal, the Maldives and Bhutan.

Kuranari will also offer to send “caravan"' friendship missions to introduce Japanese culture to various SAARC countries, the officials added.

The foreign minister will leave Tokyo for New Delhi, India on August 9 for one day of talks with Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, who also serves as the country's foreign minister.

Kuranari's next stop is Sri Lanka, where he will spend two days meeting with Prime Minister Ranasinghe Premadasa and Foreign Minister A.C.S. Hameed.

The foreign minister then heads to Bangladesh for discussions with his counterpart Humayun Rashid Chowdhury before returning to Japan on August 16, ministry officials said.


JAPAN USSR CRITICIZES BILL ON EXPORT CONTROL 0WO10026 Tokyo KYODO in English 0021 GMT 1 Aug 87 [Text] Tokyo, Aug. 1 KYODO -- Radio Moscow has criticized the Japanese Government's

approval of a bill to tighten control over high-tech sales to the communist bloc.

The radio, monitored in Tokyo, said the bill approved at a meeting of the Japanese cabinet Friday is designed to introduce new penalties for those violating rules of COCOM [Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Controls], a multinational body to monitor exports to communist nations. "The bill is intended to set up grave barriers in trade and economic relations between the Japanese business community and the Soviet Union and other socialist countries,"' the radio said. The bill, to revise the foreign exchange and foreign trade control law, was prompted by the controversy over sales by Toshiba Machine Co. of high technology to the Soviet Union in violation of the COCOM rules.


0W060535 Tokyo KYODO in English 0524 GMT 6 Aug 87

[Text] Hiroshima, Aug. 6 KYODO -- Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone Thursday stressed the need to tighten control of Japanese exports of sensitive technology to the communist bloc, saying it is wrong for Japan to try to widen its diplomacy with the communist bloc at the cost of its own national security.

Nakasone, speaking to reporters here, was responding to criticism that tightening Japan's foreign exchange and foreign trade control law would narrow the scope of Japanese diplomacy by curbing its trade with communist nations, thereby running the risk of alienating them. He said Japan should not sacrifice its stance on national security in order to expand its diplomatic activities.

Tokyo is currently considering stiffening the penalties and tightening the statute of limitations provided for under the foreign exchange and foreign trade control law to prevent a recurrence of illicit diversions of defense-related high technology to the Warsaw Pact nations following the Toshiba Machine controversy.

Meanwhile, Nakasone suggested the government would comply with opposition demands to increase tax cuts above the planned 1.3 trillion yen in return for opposition approval of the abolition of the "“maruyu"' tax-exemption system for interest on personal savings. He criticized opposition parties for continuing to boycott a parliamentary debate on four government-proposed bills for implementing the nation's tax reform.

The opposition fears that, once the parliamentary debate commences, the ruling Liberal Democratic Party will simply press ahead with the bills on the strength of its overwhelming majority in the Diet.

Nakasone also hinted the government is still considering levying an indirect tax on consumer goods and services when he said he has not yet given up the idea of a drastic revamping of the nation’s tax system.


JAPAN WAGE HIKE MAY PUSH DEFENSE TO 1.009 PERCENT OF GNP OW060749 Tokyo KYODO in English 0729 GMT 6 Aug 87 [Text] Tokyo, Aug. 6 KYODO -- Japan's defense expenditure for fiscal 1987 will be

pushed to a ratio of 1.009 percent of gross national product (GNP) should a wage hike for government employees proposed on Thursday by a government body be brought into effect, defense authorities said. The fiscal 1987 defense budget, at 3,513.3 billion yen, is currently 1.003 percent of GNP.

The National Personnel Authority (NPA) recommended an average wage increase of 1.47 percent, or 3,985 yen per month, for government workers. The pay raise, which applies to all public-section employees, including the prime minister, judges and Defense Agency officials, will be backdated to April. Apart from the proposed monthly wage increase, public servants are supposed to be given regular increment of 2.03 percent under a separate agreement. The wage increase will thus total 3.50 percent if the NPA proposal is accepted. '

The NPA submitted the recommendation to the Diet and the cabinet, and the government will discuss it on Friday at a ministers’ meeting.

The proposed raise is the lowest since 1960 when the government first adopted the recommendation formula. Wages for public servants were increased by 2.31 percent in fiscal 1986, ending in March.

The Finance Ministry said an estimated 117 billion yen will be needed to implement the NPA proposal, of which some 21.5 billion yen will be for the Self-Defense Force (SDF), the ministry said. This extra outlay will push up the amount of defense experditure for fiscal 1987 by a ratio of 0.006 percent of GNP to a total of 1.009 percent.

Meanwhile, the NPA called for the holiday scheme proposing six days off every four weeks now tentatively under way in the government sector to be fully implemented. In its report, the NPA said the government should start soon the process of closing its offices every other Saturday.


0W051131 Tokyo KYODO in English 1117 GMT 5 Aug 87

[Text] Tokyo, Aug. 5 KYODO -- Multilateral discussions on Japanese restrictions on imports of 12 farm products will be opened in the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in Geneva later this month, government officials said Wednesday. The officials of the Ministry of Agricylture, Forestry and Fisheries said the negotiations will be based on U.S. complaints that the import curbs maintained by Japan violate GATT rules.

Japan and the United States failed to break a deadlock over the issue in the previous two rounds of negotiations held in May and June this year.

Japan says its import restrictions on 12 items, including processed cheese, peanuts, tomato juice and canned pineapples are justifiable under GATT's safeguard provisions.


The United States has accepted a Japanese request for another round of discussions to seek complete understanding of Japan's arguments on the issue.

The officials said Hidero Maki, director general of the ministry's economic bureau, would be dispatched to Washington Thursday to probe the possibility of a settlement through bilateral talks between Japan and the United States. They said chances for a settlement are slim as Washington demands Japan give a timetable for import liberalization on all 12 items.


0WO51153 Tokyo KYODO in English 1147 GMT 5 Aug 87

[Text] Tokyo, Aug. 5 KYODO -- Members of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party's special committee on prevention of espionage activities called on senior party executive Masayoshi Ito Wednesday to act on legislation of an antispy bill, LDP sources said.

Ito is chairman of the LDP's Policy Affairs Research Council.

The committee members, led by their chairman, former Education Minister Hikaru Matsunaga, made the proposal following a meeting among them earlier in the day in which they agreed to introduce an antispy bill to the current Diet session in the wake of the illegal transfer of high technology from Japan to the Soviet Union.

During the meeting, committee vice chairman Shizuka Kamei stressed, "the revision of the foreign exchange and foreign trade control law is not enough to fend off U.S. criticism of Japan for its inability to deal with security affairs of its own."

"We have no spare time to introduce the bill during the current Diet sitting (which ends September 8),"" Kamei added.

At the meeting, Isamu Nitta, director of the National Police Agency's guard division, told the committee members of espionage-related cases including an incident which occurred recently in the U.S. Air Force base at Yokota.

Responding to the proposal, Ito said, "the legislation is important but we have to consult over the matter with top LDP officials," indicating that the moves could result in a failure due to lack of support within the party as a whole.

LDP moves to legislate an antispy bill have so far been blocked due to strong resistance from opposition parties and the press who say that it may fringe on the right of free speech and a free press.



SK061003 Pyongyang Domestic Service in Korean 0800 GMT 6 Aug 87

[Statement by DPRK Foreign Ministry spokesman on holding North-South foreign ministerial talks, in which the U.S. secretary of state is invited to participate, to discuss general issues for easing tension, including arms reduction]

{[Text] Statement by the spokesman for the DPRK Foreign Ministry:

Motivated by a desire to open new prospects for national reunification, the DPRK Government made public on 23 July a statement containing a new arms. reduction proposal. Our proposal for arms reduction, reflecting the unanimous aspirations of the Korean people and the peace-loving people of the world, has elicited broad support and sympathy worldwide.

On 3 August, the South Korean authorities clarified their stand concerning our arms reduction proposal by issuing a so-called Foreign Ministry statement. In this statement, the South Korean authorities, ignoring our proposal for multinational disarmament negotiations, stated that previously arranged dialogues should be resumed to settle issues pending between the North and South and then proposed North-South foreign ministerial talks to discuss such issues as a nonaggression agreement, simultaneous North-South admission to the United Nations, and cross-recognition.

That the South Korean authorities proposed discussion of such issues as simultaneous UN entry and cross-recognition by holding North-South foreign ministerial talks shows that they are not so much interested in the discussion of the essential issues for easing tension on the Korean peninsula and promoting the country's peaceful reunification as they are bent on using the dialogue to perpetuate the division of the country and people. This is very unfair.

However, based on our consistent stand on overcoming obstacles to national reunification through dialogue and negotiations, we welcome in principle the fact that the South Korean authorities have suggested talks with us.

For dialogue arranged to ease tension and preserve and consolidate peace on the Korean peninsula to progress appropriately in a correct direction, it is primarily and pressingly imperative to solve the issue of arms reduction. Only when complete arms reduction is achieved, will it be possible tu eliminate the state of acute military and political confrontation, do away with distrust and misunderstanding, create an atmosphere of confidence between the North and South, and achieve a breakthrough for peace in the country.

The solution to this basic problem is inevitably related to the issue of the U.S. forces stationed in South Korea. As such, the United States should without fail {[pandusi] participate in arms reduction talks. Without the United States it is impossible to take effective measures.

Therefore, we insist that not only foreign ministers of the North and South, but also the secretary of state of the United States, which is directly responsible for easing tension on the Korean peninsula, participate in talks to settle the question of arms reduction.


We contend that arms reduction, in which the United States is directly involved, should be discussed at talks among the foreign ministers of the North and the South and the U.S. secretary of state. However, when it comes to issues that concern our nation related to national reunification, we believe they should be settled by our people, through North-South dialogue.

This time, even the South Korean side has stated that pending issues between the North and South should be discussed and settled through talks between those concerned in the North and South based on the principle of national self-determination.

We have consistently maintained the position that no foreign forces should interfere in solving the problems within the nation and that problems relating to reunification should be solved between our nation independently, based on the principle of national self-determination.

It is clear to everyone that in solving the Korean question, there are problems to be solved with U.S. participation and there are problems to be solved within our nation. We maintain that to discuss and solve the problems within the nation concerning reunification of the fatherland, a solution ought to be sought through previously discussed premiers' talks and an understanding be reached between the North and the South.

If premiers' talks are held, the problems of resuming such existing dialogue as the Red Cross talks, economic talks, and the preliminary contacts for the parliamentary talks could be solved at the same time. This would make it possible to also discuss the problem of water resources.

From this standpoint, the government of our republic has decided to propose that to discuss problems to ease tension on the Korean peninsula, including the issue of arms reduction, the North-South foreign ministers' talks, which would include the U.S. secretary of state, be held at an early date in Geneva or some other convenient place.

These foreign ministers talks can take the form of bilateral talks whenever necessary. We believe that if the foreign ministers talks are held smoothly, an advantageous environment would be created for multinational negotiations participated in by delegates of the member nations of the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission as observers.

To successfully hold the North-South foreign ministers talks, which would include the United States, we propose that vice ministerial preliminary talks be held in Panmunjom around the end of August 1987 or a date mutually agreed upon. We also believe, if the United States and the South Korean authorities think it inconvenient to hold these preliminary talks, that two separate bilateral preliminary talks between us and the United States and between us and South Korea could be held.

In this case, we propose that the North-South preliminary talks be held in Panmunjom and the preliminary talks between us aud the United States be held in New York or a place convenient to both parties.

We maintain that, at this point, easing tension and ensuring peace on the Korean peninsula is an urgent problem that cannot be postponed and hope that the United States and the South Korean authorities will positively respond to our sincere proposal.

6 August 1987, Pyongyang.



0W051055 Tokyo KYODO in English 1039 GMT 5 Aug 87 [By Masakazu Oyama]

[Text] Pyongyang, Aug. 5 KYODO -- A top North Korean sports official said Wednesday that North Korea will soon make its counterproposals on the International Olympic Committee (IOC) offer made last month regarding the 1988 Summer Olympics. In an exclusive interview with KYODO News Service, Kim Tuk-chun, ‘ice president of the (North) Korean Sports Guidance Committee, emphasized the countc.proposal is necessary to achieve Olympic cohosting between the two Koreas. Kim said the proposal will take into account the new IOC offer made in the fourth sports talks in Lausanne, Switzerland July 14 and 15, and reflects Pyongyang's position vis-a-vis the Olympic cohosting arrangement.

In calling for the early holding of the fifth sports talks, Kim hinted there might be some change in North Korea's attitudes after announcing its pror-sal. The IOC offer added the entire women's volleyball tournament and men's cycling road race in North Korea to archery, table tennis and a quarter of the preliminary soccer matches already proposed in the third sports talks last year.

Asked about Pyongyang's concept of cohosting the games Kim said: (1) Eight full Olympic sports events should be held in North Korea, (2) Olympic events in North Korea should be called the 24th Olympics Pyongyang, while those in South Korea should be termed as the 24th Olympics Seoul, (3) an independent organizing committee should be set up in Pyongyang, (4) the opening and closing ceremonies should be held separately in Seoul and Pyongyang and (5) one-third of the revenues from television broadcast should go to Pyongyang.

Regarding the formation of a unified Korean team, Kim said it is for the two Koreas to decide, not the IOC. The matter must be discussed after the cohosting issue has been solved, Kim said. He added that even if both parties fail to form a unified squad, North Korea would still participate in the Olympics provided the cohosting issue has been solve’.


SK060527 Pyongyang KCNA in English 0459 GMT 6 Aug 87

[Text] Pyongyang August 6 (KCNA) -- NODONG SINMUN today in a signed commentary denounces the puppet acting prime minister of South Korea for having cried about “full preparations" to counter someone's "infiltration" in summer, babbling about "threat of southward invasion".

Noting that this is a replica of a stereotyped jargon of the Chon Tu-hwan group in every summer that there would be “southward invasion" under cover of a thick foliage, the paper says:

The p.ppets are crying about “southward invasion", carping on us who have just advanced a new peaceful proposal to hold a negotiation for arms reductior and decidei to unilaterally reduce armed forces by 100,000 office s and men in all arms and services of the Korear. Teople's Army by the end of the year to make a breakthrough for the realisation of that proposal. Nobody will believe their deceptive propaganda.


The “threat from the North" ballad chanted every turn of season is a foul-smelling propaganda used by the successive puppets of South Korea as a means to bring their crisis under control and thereby prop up their crumbling dictatorial system.

As for the newly formed Kim Chong-yol "cabinet", it is a more vicious anti-communist fascist cabinet formed with hooligans of military origin and a tool of the “Democratic Justice Party" to extend its power, far from being a "neutral" one.

The Chon Tu-hwan-No Tae-u fascist clique let such bridesmen cry about "southward invasion” in an attempt to emasculate the ever growing desire of the South Korean people for democracy and divert their attention elsewhere to maintain its dictatorial rule.

No matter whom it may let talk about "threat from the North", the Chon Tu-hwan-No Tae-u group cannot bridge over the serious crisis of South Korea.


SKO51120 Pyongyang Domestic Service in Korean 1150 GMT 3 Aug 87

[Commentary by station commentator Chong Pong-kil: "Those in Prison Must Be Completely Released")

[Text] Even though the Chon Tu-hwan-No Tae-u ring has clamored about so-called democratization, the fascist nature of the puppets is unveiled with each passing day.

According to a report, the DJP and the opposition party held the second round of human rights talks. At the meeting, the opposition party demanded full release of those in prison, presenting the data it had thus far collected and conveying claims of the families of prisoners.

However, the DJP branded such data and claims as wrong or exaggerated and stated in a distorted way that clemency should be prudently granted to procommunists or those prisoners involved in radical leftist activities from the viewpoint of defending the foundation of the nation. This exposes a sinister ulterior motive to keep patriots behind bars and is an intolerate challenge to the demands of the South Korean people for the complete release of those in prison.

Having surrendered to the people's June mass popular resistance, the puppet clique, which has sought to prolong the dictatorship, advanced a so-called proposal to cope with the situation, and played the game of freeing some prisoners.

However, those who have been released are only a few of the countless prisoners. Many political prisoners who deserve to be acquitted are suffering illegal imprisonment on unjust charges in approximately 600 prisons and detention camps. It is no accident that THE WASHINGTON POST has reported that the number of South Korean political prisoners still imprisoned reaches in the hundreds.

Although the puppets have vociferously talked about) the release of prisconers, this advertisement proceeded not from genuine motive on their part, but from an ulterior motive to cope with the urgent situation by aypeasing and deceiving the people. Indeed, the puppets have constantly arrested countless patriotic youths, students, and people while pretending to set free prisoners. Also, they have continued the criminal act of punishing those involved in the political situation and democratic figures by concocting crimes in murderous trials.


In mid-July alone, the puppets brought to trial those involved in the case of the constituent assembly, the case of the group studying that idea of lilterating workers, the case of the United Movement for Democracy and Reunification, and the case of the seizure of the American Cultural Center, and sentenced them to imprisonment. On 31 July, they handed down prison terms to the defendants involved in the wall poster incident at Seoul National University by applying an evil fascist law.

This clearly verifies that no change has been made in the wretches' fascist disposition and is inconceivable since they made a so-called commitment to democratization.

The prisoners suffering imprisonment are patriotic youths, students, and people, who turned out in the struggle for independence, democracy, and reunification. Also, they are not criminals, but victims of the fascist dictatorship who must be set free. Putting them behind bars is illegal. While talking about the release of prisoners, babbling about keeping them in prison under the pretext of defending the so-called foundation of the nation by branding them procommunists and left-leaning elements is an intolerable antinational criminal act. The criminal maneuvers of the puppet clique once again clearly confirm that the so-called commitment to democratization, about which the wretches have clamored, is a trick to prevent the people from turning out in the struggle by appeasing and deceiving them.

Just as a jackal cannot be changed into a sheep, the nature of a fascist fanatic cannot change. Even though the puppets pretend to support democratization, what they seek is not democratization, but the prolongation of colonial and fascist dicatatorial rule. Toward this end, the wretches resort to every fascist suppression, appeasement, deception, and other despicable means and methods. With no maneuvers, however, can the fascist clique hide its criminal scheme to prolong the dictatorial rule.

Realizing the complete acquittal of political prisoners and ammesty and reinstatement for them is a primary demand of democratization.

If the fascist clique doggedly clings to maneuvers to prolong the dictatorship while running counter to the aspirations of the people for democratization, it will not be able to escape the stern punishment of the people. The Chon Tu-hwan-No Tae-u ring must set free all prisoners and step down from power as demanded by the people.



SK060041 Seoul THE KOREA TIMES in English 6 Aug 87 p 1l

[Text] A top Korean Olympic Committee [KOC] official reiterated yesterday that the KOC "will not accept North Korea's ‘unreasonable’ demand that at least eight of the 23 Seoul Olympic sports be held in Pyongyang."

KOC president Kim Chong-ha stressed that Pyongyang has to recognize that the "1988 Olympics was awarded to the city of Seoul."

However, he revealed that Seoul would offer an “affirmative answer" to the "final mediatory offer of the International Olympic Committee" against the demand of Pyongyang, if it withdraws its earlier demand and promises to participate in the Seoul Games.

The Lausanne-based IOC proposed that North Korea hold the women's volleyball tournament and all of the 100km cycling road race in last month's fourth round of South-North sports talks to discuss the question of staging part of the 1988 Games in Pyongyang.

"Giving five sports to North Korea is a great concession on the part of the IOC, providing Pyongyang with a chance to take part in Seoul Olympics," Kim said in a telephone interview prior to his departure to Indianapolis, the United States, to witness the 10th Pan American Games.

IOC president Juan Antonio Samaranch asked the to sides to answer the IOC's compromise offer before Sept. 17, when IOC is to issue invitations to the 167 National Olympic Committees.

"Time is pressing,” Kim said. "I think now is the very time for the related parties to concentrate their energy on "practical and technical matters" in staging some events in


The practical issues, taken up by Kim, include arranging television coverage and free access to Pyongyang for 30,000-odd members of the Olympic family, including athletes, officials and reporters.

Revealing that North Korea proposed the holding of the fifth round of sports meet within this month, Kim said "I don't think the meet will produce progressive results unless Pyongyang comes to the table with a sincere attitude toward the I0C's last offer."


SK060803 Seoul YONHAP in English 0735 GMT 6 Aug 87

[Text] Seoul, Aug. 6 (YONHAP) -- No Tae-u, president of South Korea's ruling Democratic Justice Party, Thursday said that he hopes bipartisan negotiations over the constitutional revision can be completed before the end of August and that the presidential election can be held in mid-December.

In a press conference, No, who was elected as the ruling party's president Wednesday, succeeding President Chon Tu-hwan, said that his party has not yet decided on the timing of parliamentary elections.


The National Assembly elections could be held at the same time as the presidential election, before the inauguration of a new government or under the supervision of a new


The ruling party will choose among the three options after ample and candid negotiations with the opposition Reunification Democratic Party, No said.

Currently, four ranking officials each from the ruling and opposition parties are continuing talks on how to rewrite the Basic Law. Under the reforms, the Constitution will be revised to provide for direct presidential elections.

Differences surfaced over many details of the proposed constitutional provisions, including the voting age and mention of the basic spirit of the bloody 1980 Kwangju uprising in the new constitution's preamble.

But the two sides continue negotiating, shelving knotty issues whenever the talks stall.

No said that he is ready to meet Kim Yong-sam and Kim Tae-chung, twin towers of the main opposition party, whenever deemed necessary to handle unresolved issues.

No said that the way to heal the scars of the Kwangju uprising is included in the basic spirit of the June 29 declaration in which he demanded amnesty of a number of specific persons and the restoration of their suspended civil rights to bring about national


Since both the government and the ruling party are attentively listening to opinions of the opposition party, tangible remedial measures for the healing of the Kwangju uprising will soon be found, No said.

The Kwangju uprising was an insurgency against the incumbent government which took place in the southwestern provincial city of Kwangju. It claimed 191 lives in an eight-day confrontation between citizens and soldiers.

No, however, was opposed to the inclusion of the basic spirit of the incident in the preamble of the new constitution, saying that it is desirable that the preamble of a constitution not contain too many things.

Concerning whether or not Kim Tae-chung is elibible for running in the upcoming presidential election, No said that everyone can learn from the June 29 declaration that the current law which prohibits persons from running for the presidency who have not lived in the nation for five consecutive years is not intended for any specific


Kim Tae-chung, who was granted amnesty and had his civil rights restored several weeks ago, was under a, suspended 20-year prison term stemming from a sedition charge. He has not lived in Korea for five consecutive years. He returned to Korea from the United

States in 1985.

No's remarks were interpreted as meaning no restrictions at all on presidential candidates.

Asked about the possibility of the opposition party supporting a single presidential candiate, No said, I am not in a position to say anything about it.


Everyone can receive fair judgment of the people through fair competiton. Even those who are not backed by political parties can run for the presidency, No said.

If the voting are is reduced to 18, even high-school students will be involved in politics. If they are given the right to vote, they will have to bear the duty of military service and taxes, No said, expressing his disapproval of a reduction in the voting age as proposed by the opposition party.

There has also been no change in the ruling party's support of a parliamentary cabinet system. The party will recommend the system to the people again if they want it at anytime in the future, No said.

In the face of nationwide anti-government demonstrations calling for more democracy, the ruling party had to withdraw its support of the cabinet system late June, accepting the opposition demand for direct presidential elections and a presidential system as the next form of government.


SK060241 Seoul YONHAP in English 0156 GMT 6 Aug 87

[Text] Seoul, Aug 6 (YONHAP) -- The National Assembly is scheduled to open an eight-day special session Friday mainly to deliberate a supplementary budget bill for rehabilitating flood damage.

The National Assembly will also act on the motion for approving Kim Chong-yol, the acting prime minister, as prime minister and is expected to elect Yi Tae-sun, floor leader of the ruling Democratic Justice Party, as chairman of the National Assembly's steering committee on Friday.

On Saturday and Monday, the National Assembly is scheduled to question relevant cabinet members about the recent flood and typhoon damage and the steps taken for rehabilitation.

After a three-day session of standing committees from next Tuesday to Thursday, the plenary session will consider on August 14 the supplementary budget, scaled at 500 billion won (about 617 million dollars: one dollar is worth about 810 won).

The ruling and opposition parties had planned to focus on the measures to rehabilitate damage caused by typhoon Thelma and heavy rains, which ravaged the nation resulting in 598 people killed or missing and property damage of 558 billion won.

But the opposition parties are expected to raise several political issues, because of impending events in the political schedule, including the presidential election expected to be held later this year as well as the ongoing negotiations for the constitutional revision.

The opposition parties, including the Reunification Democratic Party, are expected to call for the urgent implementation of the democratization package announced on June 29 by then ruling party chairman No Tae-u, No's eight-point democratization package included plans for direct presidential elections and promoting press freedom.


The National Assembly also is expected to hold a stormy debate on the reported remarks by Pak Hui-to, army chief of staff, who reportedly said that “something uphappy" might occur if Kim Tae-chung runs for president.

During the session, the ruling party plans to deal with several bills, including a bill on newspapers, periodicals and broadcasting, to replace the Basic Press Law.

The Basic Press Law has been a bone of contention, because some of its provisions could limit press freedom.


SK050802 [Editorial report] Seoul newspapers on 3 and 4 August carry editorials on the 3 August ROK Foreign Ministry statement urging North-South foreign ministerial talks.

TONG-A ILBO in Korean on page 2 of its 3 August edition carries a 1,000-word editorial under the headline "Proposal for North-South Foreign Ministers Talks: North Korea Should Seek No Counterproposal, But Respond at Once."

The editorial, noting that "all North-South dialogues, except for sports talks, have been suspended for several years and the North and the South have continued to issue, in vain, statements that contain new proposals," states that “there is the deep impression that no substantial progress, only a propaganda effect, is sought by continuing to put forth proposals precisely for the sake of putting forth proposals."

Saying that “in most cases, North Korea has been preemptive in staging propaganda offensives," the editorial says with regard to the North's 23 July proposal for arms reduction talks that “our side has had no choice but to respond in any form, because we would be condemned for ignoring peace if we do not respond."

The editorial adds that "it is certain that the target of the North Korean proposal is our peaceful change of regime in February 1988."

The editorial further adds that "perhaps, North Korea is concerned that the state of North-South relations may change completely if we achieve epochal democratic development and successfully host the 1988 Olympiad."

Noting that “our proposal for foreign ministers talks, unlike the North's unrealistic proposal for arms reduction talks, can be considered very reasunable and realistic," the editorial concludes saying "in the name of our compatriots, we earnestly advise that North Korea, instead of trying to stage a propaganda offensive by again putting forth a counterproposal, fully accept our reasonable proposal and seek to realize the foreign ministers talks, which can easily be held."

KYONGHYANG SINMUN in Korean on 3 August carries in a 1,000-word editorial on page 2 the headlined "A Shortcut to Resuming North-South Dialogue: The North Must First Respond to the North-South Foreign Ministers Talks," says that the proposal for North-South foreign ministers talks is "according to the cause of resolving the question of the Korean peninsula based on the principle of national self-determination through dialogue between the parties concerned -- the North and the South -- without foreign


The editorial contends that the proposal for foreign ministers talks is "a display of the earnest will of our government to settle the North-South question peacefully

through negotiation."


Assessing the North's proposal for arms reduction talks as "nothing more than a trick to discredit our theory on national security, such as the need for the continued presence of the U.S. forces and the modernization of the ROK Armed Forces, and to blunt our will of anticommunism," the editorial concludes that "the North Korean side must come to the table of negotiation, unconditionally responding to the proposal for the even more realistic and efficient North-South foreign ministers talks through which all pending problems between the North and South can be open-mindedly discussed."

CHOSON ILBO in Korean on page 2 of its 4 August edition carries a 1,000-word editorial entitled: "Concluding an Agreement of Nonaggression Is Urged: The Proposal for North-South Foreign Ministers Talks and the Will of Peace."

Citing the contents of the North's proposal for Geneva arms reduction talks and noting that the proposal has suggested nothing basically different from its earlier proposals, such as those on concluding a peace agreement with the United States and for holding tripartite military talks, the editorial says "we are fully aware of Pyongyang's present aim."

The editorial continues: "Pyongyang is exerting a last-ditch effort by waging a war of peace propaganda on a global scale to create stumbling blocks on the road to our democratization -- our supreme internal task -- and to hamper the Seoul Olympiad, which is about a year away, or at least to create a pretext for the cohosting."

Noting the North's persistent efforts for contacts and negotiations with the United States, the editorial says in conclusion that "we have no choice but to do our best by being patient and sincere and by continuing to try to persuade them to realize their absolute blindness and return to the table of dialogue."

HANGUK ILBO in Korean on 4 August on page 2 carries an 800-word editorial headlined "The North Must Respond to the North-South Foreign Minister Talks: This Is a Shortcut to Settling the Pending Problems Comprehensively."

The editorial assesses the 3 August ROK proposal for foreign ministers talks as "a comprehensive proposal which has accomodated even the 23 July North Korean proposal for so-called arms reduction negotiations, and which seeks to alleviate tension on the Korean peninsula and recover mutual trust and achieve peace."

The editorial continues: "In North-South contacts, the basic obstacle has been the North Korean side's unilateral suspension of dialogue. At the same time, we have witnessed the North's attempts to turn the sites of the nonpolitical Red Cross and economic talks into a stage for political propaganda."

Expressing regret over the lack of consistency and sincerity, it notes that “about 10 days ago, the North abruptly proposed holding multinational arms reduction talks in March of next year, and our side, in response, has progressively proposed to jointly discuss the questions of concluding an agreement of nonaggression and easing tension, including the question of arms reductions. Thus, we hope that the North will respond to our proposal and hold a consistent and candid mutual dialogue."

The editorial concludes: "If the North comes out for the North-South foreign ministers talks, giving up its wicked intention to hamper our ongoing democratization and disturb our national security, we believe that the two sides, through the first ministerial